Public Housing in Triana, Sevilla
The reflection on contemporary living should approach the complexity of a society that is no longer governed by established behavior patterns. The challenge posed today by designing a collective housing building must be close to projecting a domestic support that is capable of accommodating the desires of many and that provides the necessary flexibility to respond to the passage of time, both of the building itself and of their habitants. The proposal tries to approach these two premises.
On the other hand, the need to humanize the inherited city, planned for the machine and not for the citizens, leads us to locate possible potentialities that generate these friendly urban spaces halfway between housing and the city. In this sense, the project becomes the cornerstone of the area, by carving out a new landscaped pedestrian street that joins the two parks to the east and west of the site, and by becoming the hinge of a neighborhood that would be disconnected by the big apple that draws the road layout.
The project is integrated into the interior reform area ARI-DT-05 defined in the PGOU of Seville. The projected building is presented as a prismatic volume with a triangular floor plan aligned with Calle San Vicente de Paul on its north façade and with the extension of the gardens on its west façade. Above ground it has 7 floors (ground floor + 6) whose use contemplated in the PGOU is residential and below ground it has 2 parking floors. The proposal covers the program of 35 protected homes established in the planning. Two pedestrian accesses to the interior of the building are proposed from the ground floor, one from the north façade and the other from the south façade through a ramp that solves an accessible route.
We consider that the planned planning proposes an arrangement whose possible response would have been a conventional solution based on the implementation of a volume that would clog a superblock designed for road traffic, not for pedestrians. We propose an alternative to the planning established by the PGOU: Introducing some slight modifications on the limits of the lots destined for residential and public facilities, without altering the surfaces established in the planning for each of these uses, we obtain a new street that connects the parks on a pedestrian basis. of the neighborhood, prolonging the flow and views coming from San Vicente de Paul street.
The formal configuration of the proposal, a prismatic volume with a triangular base, responds to the idea of designing a building “made to measure” for the site. Well, its shape is generated by the constraints and opportunities of the environment: prolong the flows and visuals of San Vicente de Paul street, create a new landscaped pedestrian street as a public space given to the city, integration into the geometric layout of the neighborhood's urban planning , etc. its way of integrating into the environment to generate a new relationship space. The composition of the facades is resolved by means of a support structure to arrange the terraces that surround the building on the perimeter. In the south elevation, the structure is arranged as a regular pattern behind which the terraces are located, accompanied by the nucleus of stairs. On the west and north facades, this structure flies over the perimeter of the building from the first floor, offering a framework as a "bottle rack" that will be loaded with terraces according to the needs of the inhabitants. The organization of the house in bands offers a certain spatial flexibility, both internally and at the level of relationships with the rest of the houses, approaching the concept of evolutionary housing.